Mohammed Howait is an assistant professor and consultant in the Endodontic Department at the Faculty of Dentistry/King Abdul Aziz
University. He received his Bachelor degree from King Abdul Aziz University in 2007. Mohammed received his Doctorate of Medical
Sciences in Oral Biology and a Certificate of Endodontic training from Harvard school of Dental Medicine, USA 2014. Mohammed was a
research fellow at the Forsyth Institute of oral health research, Boston, Massachusetts, USA 2010-2014. Mohammed was appointed an assistant
professor and consultant in the Endodontic Department at the Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdul Aziz University. He is now the clinical course director at the Endodontic post-graduate program at KAU.
Friday Day 3, 8th Mar
Cracks and fractures, an overview and an update
Cracks and Vertical root fractures are one of the most common reasons for tooth loss nowadays. These occasionally can be difficult to diagnose thus, makes it more challenging to reach to predictable treatment decisions. Therefore, the aim of this presentation is to help practitioners resolve some of this confusion,
therefore, assist them to reach a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.
The term “Longitudinal tooth fracture” accounts for all types of tooth fractures that are not related to trauma.
These usually have a broad range of signs and symptoms associated with them. To reach to a proper diagnosis
and treatment plan, it is necessary to recognize the common biological (e.g. pulp infection and periodontal
involvement) and restorative implications. Consequently, these signs and symptoms can be the result of pulpal
and periodontal injury which further complicates the treatment.
Moreover, it is essential to recognize and employ the available diagnostic aids which can be classified as conservative and invasive procedures. The conservative procedures include; pulpal, periapical, bite test and
radiographic examination (including CBCT). The invasive procedures include; restoration removal and surgical
assessment. Finally, it is necessary to understand the outcome of different treatments to be able to present the proper treatment plan to the patient in a predictable manner.